Welcome to AikiWeb Aikido Information
AikiWeb: The Source for Aikido Information
AikiWeb's principal purpose is to serve the Internet community as a repository and dissemination point for aikido information.

aikido articles


dojo search
image gallery
links directory

book reviews
video reviews
dvd reviews
equip. reviews


rss feeds

Follow us on

Home > AikiWeb Aikido
Go Back   AikiWeb Aikido Forums > AikiWeb AikiBlogs > My Path

Hello and thank you for visiting AikiWeb, the world's most active online Aikido community! This site is home to over 22,000 aikido practitioners from around the world and covers a wide range of aikido topics including techniques, philosophy, history, humor, beginner issues, the marketplace, and more.

If you wish to join in the discussions or use the other advanced features available, you will need to register first. Registration is absolutely free and takes only a few minutes to complete so sign up today!

My Path Blog Tools Rating: Rate This Blog
Creation Date: 06-08-2009 01:55 PM
Linda Eskin
My path to and through Aikido. Observations on Aikido, fitness, happiness, horses, & life, by a 53 y/o sho-dan.

This same blog (with photos and a few additional trivial posts, but without comments) can be found at www.grabmywrist.com.

I train with Dave Goldberg Sensei, at Aikido of San Diego.
Blog Info
Status: Public
Entries: 242
Comments: 367
Views: 862,594


In Words Weapons Words - The Big Picture Entry Tools Rate This Entry
  #132 New 07-31-2011 05:12 PM
[Note - This is the latest in a series of posts about Aikido Words. Each of them is tagged "words" here. You can also find a page listing all of them on the other version of this blog: www.grabmywrist.com/words. There are also some links to video examples there.]

Weapons work shares many words with open-hand training, but weapons also have a lot of words of their own. There are a bunch of numbered things, too, and those can be really confusing until you have a sort of framework for understanding them.

So here are some words about weapons stuff, starting with the basics. There will be another couple of posts going into jo words and bokken words. Often you'll hear technique names with the numbers in Japanese. That will be another post, too.

I'm just going to cover the wooden weapons we use in regular training here. Maybe we'll look at katana, shinai, iato, shinken, and other weapons words later.

The Sticks

Jo - The longer straight one that looks like a rake handle.

Bokken - The somewhat shorter one with a little curve to it, like a sword. Also sometimes referred to as just ken. You'll also hear tachi in the names of bokken or sword exercises.

Tanto - The little one, about the size of a hunting knife.

The Kinds of Things We Do with Sticks

One of the most confusing things for me, when I was first trying to figure this stuff out, was sorting out the kinds of things we were doing. Not the specific instances, but the groupings. One exercise would be a suburi, another would be a kata, sometimes we practiced awase... I couldn't figure out what was what. It's hard even to describe. Let's just get right to it.

Suburi are discrete techniques, or very small groups of techniques, that you do by yourself. They are the very first things you learn.

They are like learning words or phrases in a language. You'll put them together later to form more complex expressions and conversations.

You will see the suburi referred to in numbered groupings, like the "20 jo suburi" or "ken suburi 1-7" For some reason the jo suburi have names, and the bokken suburi are numbered. We'll get into those in detail in a couple of other posts.

Kata are sets of techniques, still done alone, strung together in a prescribed way, each flowing into the next.

If we stick with the "suburi are like words" concept, kata are like poems. You memorize them and recite them. Like reciting poetry, everyone will have their own subtle ways of expressing kata, but we don't change the words.

You'll hear numbers when talking about kata, too. The "31 jo kata" is everywhere - it's a string of 31 movements. You'll also see the 13 jo kata, which has 13 movements. No reason you couldn't make up your own, either, but mostly we practice the set ones handed down to us. There are bokken kata, too.

This is where the numbered stuff starts to get weird. The jo kata are made up of the number of techniques in the name: 13 jo kata, 31 jo kata, etc. But the bokken kata are numbered: bokken kata 1, bokken kata 2, etc.

But back to the kinds of things we do…

Awase are prescribed sets of techniques that you do with a partner. One partner in an awase does a familiar suburi or kata, and the other partner does the appropriate techniques that complement it. These are basic exercises to learn timing and distance when working in relation to another. The suburi you have been learning will begin to make more sense in the context of practicing awase.

If suburi are words and phrases, and kata are poems, then awase are very simple conversations, the kind you learn when studying a new language. "Good morning." "Good morning." "Where is the library?" "Is there there, on the left." "Thank you." "You are welcome." Very simple, perhaps a bit formal, and not quite how a real conversation might go, but a necessary step in becoming fluent.

The two simplest are left awase, and right awase. Then there's a little more number weirdness… You'll hear the "5th awase" and "7th awase" mentioned. These are just partner practices incorporating the 5th and 7th suburi. (There are no 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, or 6th awase.)

Kumitachi and Kumijo are partner practices that more closely simulate an actual fight, using the bokken and jo, respectively.

The distinction between awase and kumitachi/kumijo seems fuzzy to me. There is a partner practice based on the 31 jo kata, for instance, that I see referred to both as the 31 jo awase and 31 kumijo.

A Last Comment About Numbers You'll Hear

The numbers for suburi have nothing to do with the numbers in the names of kata.

When you see "20 jo suburi" or "ken suburi 1 through 7" those are just describing which ones we're talking about. If you have to do the "bokken suburi 1-5" on a test that's just the first five descrete bokken techniques. Saito Sensei created a set of 20 jo suburi for us to practice. They are 20 separate exercises.

The 31 jo kata, on the other hand, is a single flowing exercise incorporating 31 movements. Note that the 20 jo suburi are not the 1st 20 movements of the 31 jo kata. They are completely separate things.
Views: 2782 | Comments: 2

RSS Feed 2 Responses to "Weapons Words - The Big Picture"
#2 08-03-2011 02:00 AM
Linda Eskin Says:
I love your punctuation analogy! :-) My teacher, Dave Goldberg Sensei, uses "speaking" and "listening" a lot, in describing how Nage and Uke relate in the "conversation" between them. It really fits well.
#1 08-02-2011 06:25 PM
Daisy Luu Says:
I really love the words/phrases-->poems-->conversations analogy. When Sensei talks math and angle degrees, I get completely lost, but when he uses analogies of words and sentences, I TOTALLY get it! Like when teaching multiple steps and giving us a sense of how long we should pause between each steps, beginners use more of a semicolon technique, and more advanced students should treat those pauses like commas, gradually transitioning to a smooth flow without punctuation at all.

All times are GMT -6. The time now is 12:23 AM.

vBulletin Copyright © 2000-2024 Jelsoft Enterprises Limited
Copyright 1997-2024 AikiWeb and its Authors, All Rights Reserved.
For questions and comments about this website:
Send E-mail
plainlaid-picaresque outchasing-protistan explicantia-altarage seaford-stellionate