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Home > Language > Aikido Audio Pronunciation Guide
by J. Akiyama <Send E-mail to Author>

Important Names and Terms
Term Brief Translation Format
Aikido Japanese martial art founded by Morihei Ueshiba .aif
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Aikidoka One who practices aikido. .aif
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Morihei The first name of the founder of aikido. .aif
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Ueshiba The last name of the founder of aikido. .aif
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O-sensei "The great teacher," referring to Morihei Ueshiba. .aif
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Sensei Teacher. .aif
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Sempai A senior student. .aif
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Kohai A junior student. .aif
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Domo arigatou gozaimashita Thank you very much. .aif
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Onegaishimasu Please. .aif
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About the Dojo
Term Brief Translation Format
Dojo Training hall. .aif
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Kamidana The sacred shrine placed at the front of a dojo training area. .aif
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Kamiza See Kamidana. .aif
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Shomen The front of the dojo. .aif
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Tatami Mat. .aif
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Clothing
Term Brief Translation Format
Dogi Training uniform. .aif
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Keikogi Training uniform. .aif
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Hakama Divided skirt worn by aikidoka. .aif
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Obi The belt. .aif
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Attacks
Term Brief Translation Format
Nage One who is doing the throwing. .aif
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Uke One who is being thrown. .aif
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Hanmi Triangular stance. .aif
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Kamae Stance. .aif
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Ai hanmi Mutual stance. .aif
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Gyaku hanmi Opposing stance. .aif
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Hijidori Elbow grab attack. .aif
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Katadori Shoulder grab attack. .aif
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Katatedori One handed grab (same side) attack. .aif
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Kosadori One handed grab (cross-hand) attack. .aif
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Munadori Chest grab attack. .aif
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Morotedori Two hands on one arm grab attack. .aif
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Ryo tekubitori Grabbing both wrists attack. .aif
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Ryote mochi Grabbing both wrists attack. .aif
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Ryotedori Grabbing both wrists attack. .aif
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Shomenuchi A swinging strike to the top of the head. .aif
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Kubishime Neck choke. .aif
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Yokomen uchi A swinging strike to the side of the head. .aif
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Munetsuki Chest strike attack. .aif
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Tsuki Thrust, punch. .aif
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Ushiro Behind. .aif
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Techniques
Term Brief Translation Format
Waza Technique. .aif
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Irimi Entering movement .aif
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Tenkan Turning movement. .aif
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Omote Techniques done with nage in front of uke. .aif
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Ura Techniques done with nage in back of uke. .aif
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Hanmi handachi Techniques wherein nage is seated and uke is standing. .aif
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Suwari waza Seated techniques. .aif
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Tachi waza Standing techniques. .aif
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Ikkyo The first teaching. .aif
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Nikyo The second teaching. .aif
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Sankyo The third teaching. .aif
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Yonkyo The fourth teaching. .aif
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Gokyo The fifth teaching. .aif
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Rokkyo The sixth teaching. .aif
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Shihonage Four directional throw. .aif
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Kaitennage The "rotary" throw. .aif
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Kotegaeshi Wrist-turning throw. .aif
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Tenchinage Heaven and earth throw. .aif
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Sumi otoshi Corner-drop technique. .aif
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Kokyu tanden ho Seated exercise from a two handed grab. .aif
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Kokyudosa Seated exercise from a two handed grab. .aif
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Kokyunage Breath throw. .aif
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Iriminage Throw done by entering. .aif
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Jujinage The figure "ten" throw. .aif
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Koshinage Hip throw. .aif
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Aiki otoshi A "reverse" koshinage where uke goes backwards over nage's hips. .aif
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Atemi Striking the body. .aif
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Hijinage Throw with a projection underneath uke's elbow. Also known as tenbinnage. .aif
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Jiyuwaza Freestyle techniques .aif
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Henka waza Technique that changes in mid-execution. .aif
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Randori Freestyle multiple person attack. .aif
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Kaeshiwaza Reversal technique. .aif
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Ki no Nagare Flowing techniques. .aif
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Kihon Basics. .aif
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Weapons
Term Brief Translation Format
Bokken A wooden sword. .aif
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Bokuto A wooden sword. .aif
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Jo Wooden staff. .aif
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Katana A sword. .aif
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Shinai Bamboo sword. .aif
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Tanto A knife. .aif
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Jodori Techniques for disarming an opponent with a sword. .aif
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Kumijo Paired jo exercises. .aif
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Kumitachi Paired bokken exercises. .aif
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Tachi dori Techniques for disarming an opponent with a sword. .aif
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Tantodori Techniques for disarming an opponent with a knife. .aif
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Suburi Solo practice with the jo or bokken. .aif
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Counting
Term Brief Translation Format
Ichi, ni, san, shi, go, roku, shichi, hachi, kyu, jyu One through ten. .aif
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Ichi One .aif
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Ni Two. .aif
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San Three .aif
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Yon Four. .aif
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Shi Four. .aif
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Go Five .aif
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Roku Six. .aif
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Nana Seven. .aif
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Shichi Seven .aif
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Hachi Eight .aif
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Kyu Nine. .aif
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Jyu Ten .aif
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Miscellaneous Terms
Term Brief Translation Format
Funakogi undo The rowing exercise. .aif
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Gasshuku Seminar, retreat, workshop. .aif
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Happo undo Eight directional exercise. .aif
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Hara The stomach. Center. .aif
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Ikkyo undo The ikkyo exercise. .aif
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Kata Form. .aif
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Keiko Practice/training. .aif
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Ki Life energy. .aif
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Kiai Focused energy in the form of a yell. .aif
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Kokyu Breath. .aif
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Kuzushi Balance breaking. .aif
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Maai The spacing between nage and uke. .aif
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Mudansha One who has not yet attained black belt. .aif
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Rei Usually an indication to bow to your partner. .aif
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Seiza Formal sitting posture. .aif
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Shikaku The "dead" corner. The vulnerable angle. .aif
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Shodan First degree black belt. .aif
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Shikkou Knee walking .aif
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Sutemi A sacrifice throw. (Not a breakfall!) .aif
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Tai Sabaki Body movement. .aif
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Uchideshi A live-in student. .aif
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Ukemi The art of attacking and falling. .aif
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Yudansha One who has attained the level of black belt. .aif
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