No. A buzzword for our style is "exponential". Within the technique
the flow should be exponentially increasing.
Wow! This whole rhythm thread has been pretty interesting. I thought I'd
toss in some pure movement-analysis stuff and try to relate it to aikido
along the way. Maybe you guys (and others) may (or may not) find it
relevant, helpful, interesting.
If we were to look at one technique between uke and nage (let's say on
video or something), and pick it apart for its infinite and miniscule
movement qualities, one of those qualities we'd look at is its
phrasing. A movement phrase is one of those esoteric things
with a not-so-scientific definition (sorry JoTo).
Basically, and quite simply, it has a beginning, middle and end and
cannot be stopped in the middle or it just "feels wrong". It's a
thematic organization of movement, so that we could say that each
single waza performed is its own phrase (hopefully!). It's like a
breath, but not limited to a literal, single breath. I could go on,
but hopefully you'll get the picture.
There are many kinds of phrasing; some include even,
increasing, decreasing, impactive,
impulsive, and swing. Applied to nage's movement (uke
would have his/her own phrasing), they might be something like the
- An Even phrase has no time element, no speeding up or
slowing down of movement. If you can imagine a "dream sequence" in a
movie, or if you've ever seen "Eiko and Koma" or Buto dance, that's an
even phrase. But don't get it confused with slow motion! An even
phrase can be done in quick time also (imagine rushing because you're
late...grabbing your keys, throwing on your coat, running out the door
with not a moment spared...). Oh, and even phrases are _very_
difficult to maintain. Anyway, I imagine even phrased techniques to
be kokyu-nages - seemless, effortless techniques where uke goes flying
and nage looks as if he's done nothing. Also, if uke comes charging
at me, and I don't want to use an atemi, I might want to use even
phrasing to control the speed of the technique.
- An Increasing phrase, like in music, is a crescendo-type
movement where the intensity or effort increases. I would think a
rotary throw most clearly represents, but is not limited to, something
you'd want to do with phrasing that would increase.
- A Decreasing phrase, (guess what! ;-) is a decrescendo-like
movement. Can't think of a good aikido example. A severe example
might be while observing a fellow aikidoka doing jiyu-waza. He'd
complete a technique, and his hands would do a "fling" sortof thing,
like an "I don't care" attitude. Sortof like he had given up at the
end of each technique. One of his obstacles might be that his energy
decreases at the end of the phrase and voila!... a decreasing
- An Impactive phrase is an increasing phrase with an accent
at the end. That accent might be most clearly seen as an atemi or a
- An Impulsive or explosive phrase has the accent at the
beginning, then decreases. I guess an atemi at the beginning or
- And finally, a Swing phrase increases, has an accent, then
decreases. Atemi or lock in the middle of the technique, then
The phrase that nage uses depends upon a multitude of variables, of
course. And I would imagine that each of us has our own personal
preference as to the phrase that we are most comfortable
Also, there are infinite possibilities. Kokyu-nages can be any of the
abovementioned types of phrases, a rotary throw can be decreasing,
joint locks can done with Impulsive phrasing, etc, etc....
Pfew! I hope this made some sort of sense!