Alan Drysdale wrote:
Only a little more serious, the word according to Alan:
Ikkyo: arm bar with the elbow bent to a greater or lesser extent to
protect uke's elbow, uke and nage facing more or less the same way at
least part of the time.
Ikkyo: Grab their arm, affect their center.
Nikkyo: rotation of the two bones in the forearm, with the forearm
more or less horizontal, typically using the wrist bent towards the
underside of the wrist to produce the rotation, in the direction that makes
the shoulder rotate forwards. Uke and nage may be facing the same way or
(almost) each other. Sometimes called ikkyo when the arm is almost
Nikkyo: Grab their arm differently, affect their center.
Sankyo: rotation of the two bones of the forearm, with the forearm
more or less vertical, in the same direction. Hand typically flexed towards
the back of the wrist.
Sankyo: Grab their arm differently, affect their center.
Yonkyo: holding uke's forearm like a sword and cutting down to make
the shoulder meet the mat. (Includes driving the elbow forewards as
necessary to reach that end point.) Use may be made of a pressure point on
uke's forearm. Similar move holding the hand would be sankyo.
Yonkyo: Grab their arm differently, inflict pain, affect their center.
Gokyo: ikkyo with the hand on the wrist turned over to limit
movement of a knife.
Gokyo: Grab their arm differently but a lot like Ikkyo, affect
Rokkyo: A confection made with almond paste. If you eat too much it will
affect your center.
Shihonage: technique where you grasp uke's forearm/wrist/hand like a
bat, uke's palm up, turn your back to uke, and cut over your head (often
turning 180 degrees), throwing uke to the floor or allowing a gentler
descent to the mat.
Shihonage: Kotegaeshi on steroids.
Kotegaeshi: rotation of the two bones in the forearm like nikkyo,
though in the opposite direction and generally leading to a throw. Like
shihonage done facing uke and with a smaller circle.
Kotegaeshi: Sankyo on the wrong hand.
Iriminage: catch uke's head and throw him with it.
Iriminage: Don't grab their arm, affect their center.
Kaiten nage: make uke bend over at the waist and roll him away by
pushing on his nearside arm which is locked out over his shoulder.
Kaitennage: Sankyo while rotating the z axis to the xy plane. Countergrab
their arm, affect their center. Alternately known as "cheap
Tenchi nage: rock uke's balance to one side, then step across and
behind and throw him the other way.
Tenchi nage: Iriminage on both sides at the same time.
Koshi nage: pick uke up on your hips and turn your hips so he falls
off the other side.
Koshi nage: iriminage for those with ADS (Altitude Deficit Syndrome).
'I wonder if at this time you could ask Mr. Ueshiba to give us the
the word or a demonstration of his action during the time so that we
can get the sound of the word for aikido.'
Lee Green "Rendezvous with Adventure"