I believe that studying how bodyguards react to an AOP "assault on principle" is a great study in violence and how the average citizen might prepare for sudden violent acts such as a carjacking, ATM or street robbery, or a workplace violence issue.
In Gavin Debecker and Jeff Marquart's new book, Just Two seconds they researched over 100 of these type of attacks. All occured within 5 seconds. Most occurred within 25 feet.
This book is definitely going to set a new standard in evaluating these types of assaults. It will be for sale by next month. Jeff Marquart, was kind enough to give me an advance copy and I will be providing a few ideas from it over the next few weeks on this thread.
The book evaluates attacks from "The moment of commitment" (the second that the actor decides to attack) to the "moment of recognition" that second in that the defender decides that something is amiss and decides to take action to defend against it.
1. As discussed in the Gun Grab Thread, the "moment of commitment" can be discerned before any attack occurs if you are observant (being "on") all the time rather than "passing time" or "spending time" or "wasting time" directly preceding the event. Time "passed", "spent" or "wasted" is gone tiny increment by tiny increment. If your mind is elsewhere, you are not "in the moment" and will be behind the curve as you take the time to land, assess, conclude and respond.
2.Stopping gunfire is rarely accomplished during an aggressive assault. Normally, it is the gunman who decides to stop shooting, often because he has run out of rounds.
3.The bad guy might choose the place and general time, but circumstances determine the exact second of the attack. The moment he commits, time is working against him as well as against you.
4.Everything you do will have consequences. If the moment of Recognition can be moved up even a fraction of a second, odds of a successful defense can be greatly increased.
A review of the Hinckley attack upon President Reagan
Hinckley fires six shots in rapid succession. On shot #1, no one in the area has yet determined what is happening.
On shot #2, Agent Jerry Parr (Tan trench-style raincoat walking on President Reagan's left) is the first agent to react. Next, two agents (light blue suit) double weights himself by getting into a crouched stance and ducks. By shot #4, Agent Dennis McCarthy (Dark Blue suit with handcuffs hanging out of his rear pocket) lunges at Hinckley. Shot #5 goes high and to the left because of the pressure placed upon him by McCarthy. The round hits the car, flattens out and then enters President Reagan's chest. It was the potentially fatal shot. The sixth shot is not recovered as it flies upward when McCarthy tackles Hinckley.
No one noticed that Hinckley was the only person in the crowd that was frowning. This was the "precursor" that could have identified him as a potential threat.
Agent Pharr's time lapse between the "moment of Intent" (the first shot) through his "moment of recognition" and his commitment to push President Reagan into the limousine was 3/10 of a second. He was in motion at the time of the attack and thus he was "single weighted".
Agent McCarthy's reaction was about 1/10 of a second after Agent Pharr's
The two agents who crouched were stuck in a static position. One was struck probably by round #3.
No agents were able to draw their weapons before the shooting was over.
My Personal Ideas on Structure in Movement:
It has been my idea all along that reaction time can be increased (even when you begin in a static stance) by applying the Tai Chi concept of "shift to one foot, sink and turn toward the problem".
This position allows you to begin some form of "momentum" within your body while you are assessing the situation. Standing erect keeps your mind alert and responsive. Being "single weighted" allows you to use the momentum you have produced to take your first step in response.
Personal Ideas on Training this skill in the Dojo:
Teach the skill as a kata. Staying erect, shift to one foot, sink and turn toward the sensei. Sensei should move around to all parts of the dojo so that students learn to perform the technique in all directions.
Next, Sensei adds the stimulus of "sound". He yells "Threat". Each time, the technique should be performed upon first hearing the stimulus.
Finally, Sensei states that he will yell "Threat" several times during class. Students must perform the immediately cease what they are doing and perform the shift- sink - turn technique.