Kathy Park wrote:
Can anyone help me find that famous study of mugger inmates who described who their most likely victims would be?
In the one I know, they didn't describe their victims, they picked them out of a film of folk walking down the street. Classic study:
Betty Grayson and Morris I. Stein, Attracting Assault: Victims' Nonverbal Cues in the Journal of Communication, Winter 1981.
I was able to get it through the interlibrary loan system out of my local library.
The researchers correlated the inmates responses (high correlation for several variables) and then turned the films over to folks using something called Labanalysis, a notation system designed by Laban and Lawrence to typify gestures and demeanor.
They examined such things as whether knees were bent or straight when walking, tempo, relation to uprightness, relaxed or tense, hi or low energy, heah moving with or independent of spine, gaze direction. Statistically significant correlations with the likelihood of being chosen victim were stride length, type of weight shift (side to side, up/down, etc.), body movement(e.g., arms moving with leg on same side of body when walking), type of walk (postural, moving from center, or gestural with movement activating just part of the body), feet (swung or lifted).