Here is some relevant information concerning ekeikof, erenshuf and ekenshuf from the eNihon Kokugo Daijitenf. In all cases the meanings are given, together with the earliest references given in the dictionary. I have added a few notes and comments, but I apologize that time commitments have prevented an English translation. I leave that to the Japanese experts in this forum.
1. Ã--ðl¦ÄA¨--Ì©ÂÄ Á½ èûÆ±ê©ç é×«pÆð³mÉ'mé±ÆB
Note: The connection with ancient learning, probably Chinese learning & the rote learning of ancient texts, is quite strong and the earliest reference to keiko as training in the martial arts is for 1220, which is, quite appropriately, in the middle of the Kamakura bakufu.
Note: The reference here to internalization by repetition is noteworthy, whether in scholarship or the arts.
w--ââZ|ÈÇðAÝª«¨³ßé±ÆBÜ½A éEæÅAEÆãKvÈ'm¯âZ"\ð ßéEõðê'èúÔ³ç·é±Æâ»Ì½ßuKÆ¢¤B
Note: This is quite different from the other two and has the connotation of honing a skill or undertaking special training for a particular purpose.
Last edited by Peter Goldsbury : 02-04-2004 at 02:25 AM.