Re: aikido = self-defense??? or self-defense = aikido???
Aikido allows you create scenario in which you have control and can decide how to use that control.
It can be employed in self-defense.
I am convinced it is offensive, but without the destructive intention. That is quite different from self defense. The latter suggest passive reaction to a situation, Aikido, for me is actively change the situation before it actually happens (i.e. take the initiative). But words are limited....