Charles Hill wrote:
I am wondering if abuse means that an act was intentional or if unintentional harm caused could also be considered abuse in some way.
Accidents are accidents but often they result due to inattentiveness that is psychological in origin.
"Unintentional" harm can be an accident... or it can be part of a pattern of behavior in a dojo that is abusive. Abuse can be due to an act of commission or an act of omission. My feeling is that if it happens repeatedly and can be predicted...it is intentional no matter how much the offender apologizes and says they "didn't mean it." At some level, if it happens more than once, it's intentional. This goes for all categories of abuse as far as I'm concerned.