I think aikido conforms well to the dictionary definition. No matter whether you practice it vogorously or softly, every time you take a breakfall, there is a certain damage to your internal organs. Every time a wrist or elbow lock is applied on you, you feel pain, which is caused by a certain damage to your joints and ligaments.
Now, this damage might be minimal, it might even be beneficial to the development of your muscles and ligaments, some shihan might even claim that breakfalls massage the back and stimulate the activity of the spleen and kidneys, while nikkyo locks stimulate some other internal organs, including lungs and heart.
Nevertheless, since this activity undoubtedly causes damage, regular minor injuries, and occasional major ones as well, it is safe to say that aikido is violent.
Last edited by Edward : 04-02-2003 at 09:48 PM.