I dont think that in this context Newton and Einstein belong to the same list as O Sensei. Here I assume that a "student" has surpassed a "teacher" if her science is better. There is no doubt that Newton and latter Einstein pushed the boundaries of science beyond what was known then and it is reasonable to say that Einstein has surpassed Newton.
The reason that there is no doubt is that there is a universally acceptable criteria for comparing scientific theories. Not so for comparing flavours of Aikido.