Aikido may have been more multidimensional (as far as waza is concerned) until the end of WWII. Immediately after the war, the allies forbid the practice of all MA in Japan. They apparently didn't want something similar to China's Boxer Rebellion to occur.
I think that at the earliest possible date after the war, aikido was touted as a "purely defensive art" in an effort to get practices going again and to allay any suspicions that it would be used to attack Japan's occupiers.
The events of WWII had a dramatic effect on the way that aikido was practiced and presented to the public. Perhaps that is why to this day, Hombu Dojo does much less ken or jo work than do some other more remote dojos in Japan.
I think it would be very interesting to hear from any Japanese sensei or GIs that had any first-hand experiences as to how post-war events shaped modern aikido, and if present-day aikido needs to be, as a result, re-adjusted to eliminate any distortions created by changes made in Hombu Dojo's training regiment.
Last edited by mike lee : 08-29-2002 at 04:33 AM.