Re: Hakama for non-yudansha
At my old dojo in the states I wore a Hakama at Ikkyu. Now I am living in Japan and still Ikkyu, None of the dojos I've trained at or visited here have their own students wear hakama below Shodan; including Hombu and the Iberaki Shibu dojo. According to the Aikikai Foundation website they wear Hakama at Shodan for men and sankyu for women, but visitors can do as they are accustomed to. My view has always been to follow the custom of the dojo.