Don J. Modesto wrote:
I got a similar reaction many years ago from one Matsui Yayori, a well-regarded journalist at the Asahi Shinbun. She dismissed all BUDO as "so many rightists, fascism."
I suspect that her reaction was colored by what happened when the US/Japan treaty was ratified in the early 50s. Right-wing martial arts groups willingly supported the police to ensure that the treaty was ratified. Any dissent was crushed by the riot police, or groups of goons from the martial arts groups in Tokyo. The person who led the goons used to give 1 million yen to the Aikikai each year. I once had to accompany Doshu Kisshomaru Ueshiba on a visit to this person, to 'pay respects'.