Re: Does Budo require a sense of shame?
One of my teachers once said something along the lines of:
"In the old days, we beat students into proficiency. We believed it was critical for them to learn hard lessons fast. Today, we praise students toward proficiency. It's not necessary in modern times, to pound students down in order to build them up. In fact, given the luxury of praise rather than punishment, praise works better ..."
(the other) Chuck