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Old 04-08-2005, 06:47 PM   #20
Charles Hill
Dojo: Numazu Aikikai/Aikikai Honbu Dojo
Location: Three Lakes WI/ Mishima Japan
Join Date: May 2003
Posts: 837
Re: Poll: How important is the philosophy of aikido during your "on the mat" training?

Hi Keith,

Can you really separate shugyo from philosophy? It seems to me that hard training plus philosophy equals shugyo.

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