Re: Article: Ultimate Martial Art? by George S. Ledyard
I think Ledyard Sensei may have been refering to the actual intentional breaking of elbows, shoulders, and wrists when he was refering to joint locks and manipulations. Again, in the realm of life/death combat, I would have wanted to maim you or take you out. So, if I caught you in a hiji lock, I would break your elbow and then attempt to kill you or move on to the next adversary. In the UFC, while they may employ all the locks aikido has, their intention is not to rip a guy's arm out. The opponents fully expect each other to tap out in an untenable situation. That is vastly differnt that real combat.