So I did a list on Aikiweb for the work principle and principles and cut and pasted anything somewhat useful into a a note (below). Anyone willnig to help me clean it up and get it into the aikiwiki section for principles? Any other suggestions?
Be careful about using the term "Aikido Principles". The principles are universal in nature, aikido is a methodology that allows you to learn them. AIkido does not have the market on any prinicples. They exist in all arts of dynamic of movement, be it AIkido, MMA/BJJ, yoga, pilates etc.
Moving where the attack is ineffective (at the far limit, or at the close limit), leading control (through atemi or whatever), maintain your center, keeping your hands in front of you, and blending.
very relaxed, very efficient
sticking to your opponent, blending/merging, dropping your weight through your center, manipulating the body through the extremities, relaxing, going with your opponent's tech until you can take control
atemi in cooperation and integration with ma-ai, kuzushi
hard physical training, footwork, distance, timing, pain tolerance and good "atemi" (especially as receiver of the "atemi")
have your partner's balance or understanding of body rhythm - the "harmony" required to do a technique
harmonizing with your opponents energy and using it against him/her
the principle of none resistance: If there is force you go around it, if you are not resisting anything then there is no fight and therefore no one looses.
"No attack, no aikido"
doing minimal damage to the attacker (while protecting yourself of course!) is a central principle of aikido.
move your whole body, hanmi and koyu
movements with a balanced relaxed body, and keeping the hands working together
kokyu and ki-musubi
Moving the torso from the middle
always be moving so that your middle powers you in the direction you want to move. All increments of all arm, shoulder, leg, head-turns, etc., are powered by kokyu as well,
movement begins at the ground, is controlled by the middle, and is expressed in the hands, arms, whatever
Relax Completely is one of the four basic principles for Shin Shin Toitsu (mind and body coordination)
I think I call this the principle of corespondance. (As above, so below, as it is below, so it is above). Basically, all principles are meta-principles of that one.
interdependant relationship between the feet and the head
Gogo-no-shugyo (training after insight/understanding). This means that part of the training is to learn how to explain techniques and ways to think about them
about harmony and using the other's force.
principle of circular movement, the response to an attack is immediate, and the opponent never has a chance to get a firm grip. One movement flows into another until an attack is completely neutralized, and there are no fixed patterns to adhere to.
relax, extend ki, weight underside, keep one poin
blend with attackers, harmonizing rather than meeting force head on
energy and conscious movement.
principles of mechanics, balance, energy
I'd have to contend with the "pain tolerance" part of the post, as that particular aspect of training is not necessary. However, the rest of it sums up exactly what Aikido is all about! Very nice.
Blend and take balance.
Smile and laugh.
Here's a quote from "Total Aikido" by Gozo Shioda. (Probably if I had to pick 3 books from all the Aikido books, this would be one of the 3, Kisshomaru's first book would be another, and Koichi Tohei's book "This is Aikido" would be the third"):
Whether it is blending with your partner when he comes to grab you or strike you or, alternatively, striking him, whatever you do, timing is what gives it life. If your timing is late, you will be crowded out by uke; if you are too early, uke will see your movement and change his attack. You should apply your technique exactly at the moment that he commits himself to the attack -- this is proper timing.
Utilizing that split second is what is called "harmonizing". It would be correct to say that in aikido all techniques begin from this idea of "harmonizing".
Of course, the point I am trying to make is that "harmonizing" does not preclude striking or always imply "blending" with someone's force in a way that suggests I must not move counter to his force. I may opt to simply throw someone backward through the air with a sudden move, but it takes a trained "harmonizing" to know how to do that.
Just a thought.
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