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02-28-2003, 12:01 PM
Well, for my English class I have to do a research paper. I decided to do it on aikido, and its goal will be to answer these questions.

*What impact did WWII have on aikido and aikidoka?
*In what did the founder train before forming aikido?
*What is the current state of aikido in the world?
*When did aikido come to America?
*What's with the hakama (significance, origin)?

I'm sure between everyone here, I could have all of these questions answered in a matter of days, if not hours, but for once, I'm not looking for general answers. I have to use several sources, including books, magazine article, interview (optional), and internet.

I'd just like to know if anyone can reccommend any good resources (Heh, please don't point me to the articles on this site...I know they're there. :) Also, I will be using The Spirit of Aikido, for sure.) or if anyone knowledgable in any of those questioned areas would be willing to act as an interviewee for me.

Dirty Dogi
02-28-2003, 12:14 PM
Try browsing at http://www.aikidofaq.com/ they have some good info there as well.

Michael Owen
02-28-2003, 12:51 PM
Check out "Invicible Warrior" by John Stevens.

Good luck on the paper.

02-28-2003, 12:55 PM
I believe Saotome's Principles of Aikido has a section on the hakama.

There was a good interview in ATM with Hikitsuchi sensei (10th dan) about the changes after the war. If you go to Last Chance Aikido's website (Clint George Sensei) I believe there is a link to it.

Good luck on your project.

03-05-2003, 08:59 AM
Anyone want to get interviewed? Forum or e-mail would work.

BTW, I picked up Aikido & Bokata at the library and it has an interesting forward about self-defense. Anyone else seen this? (Don't have time to type it all up now...)

03-05-2003, 09:20 AM
I was watching Saito's Budo tape yesterday and he talked a little about the differences of pre WWII and post WWII aikido technique. He stated he wanted to develop another tape series on the differences (Budo was more pre wwII). Unfortunately, I don't believe he lived long enough to do so.

03-05-2003, 11:22 AM
I don't know if it is explicit anywhere, but WWII (specifically the Japanese loss, the loss of faith in their emperor/god and the atmoic bomb) had a large impact on the Japanese, and I believe esp. Ueshiba. I believe myself this is why aikido is non-competitive; the realisation that there is always someone who can beat you no matter how powerful you are and that the only long term option is reconciliation [take note GW Bush!].

Also, I would greatly appreciate you posting any research work on aikiweb.


03-05-2003, 11:25 AM
P.S. Be very careful about your sources Jonathon - many people have written misleading things about aikido and the founder. It's best to use good quality historical sources which are supportable rather than stories which have been passed from person to person then published as 'truth'.

Also I believe some people have an agenda when they write things (e.g. John Stevens is a lecturer in Buddhism and always trys to push the spiritual aspects)

03-05-2003, 11:27 AM
A very interesting pre-war anti-chinese and Japanese nationalistic section is in the start of Budo Training - by Ueshiba. Don't buy the book for this purpose, see if you can borrow it.

03-05-2003, 11:35 AM
It may be worth going through aiki-jitsu sources to find out about other views of Ueshibas origins (aikido derives from aikijitsu). Ueshiba also did yari-jitsu (spear fighting), kodokan judo, and sword work (can't remember the school). Also trained in many different ju-jitsu schools.

As far as I am aware it is Americans who mainly came to aikido (following WWII) and brought it back. But the big event was probably the 'golden/silver bridge(never remember which) that Ueshiba intended to form between the US and Japan by going to Hawaii and introducing aikido.

Origins of the hakama are with the samurai and traditinal japanese dress. A more pertinent question is why did other martial arts loose the hakama (Ueshiba would scold those who didn't turn up to training in their hakamas initially since they were dressed 'only in their underwear'. It was due to the cost of material after WWII that some of his senior students appealed to Ueshiba to allow lower grades to train without hakama). May be hard to find the real origins as it must go along way back in Japanese history.

03-05-2003, 11:52 AM
Thanks for the info Ian...as for sources...yes, I realize that...thus, I have the following in my opening paragraphs:

"As with any topic as broad as an entire martial artís history, there are many facts, myths, rumors, and stories pertaining to aikido and its development."

Also, I figured Americans brought it back. The question is changed to "officially" brough (or sent, if you will) over.

03-05-2003, 01:03 PM
I thought that the original purpose of the hakama was to protect the legs when a samurai would be riding a horse. Have you tried asking the question on Google.com ?