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Siteofthor
06-23-2011, 09:52 AM
I am currently studying Tomiki Aikido. We have 17 basic moves and then 10 big throws and then I'm not sure from there. We also do a little bit of hand randori and we do alot of chaining. Chaining, as I'm sure most of you know, is when you combine various aikido movements and use different techniques depending on how the opponent is resisting and how the moves are working at the time. I'm wondering if I move a a dojo that is more Hombu or Aikikai style if they do any of this chaining? I find it incredibly useful. Expecting for things not to work and to have the practice or ability to use different techniques to move with and use the other persons energy and to not go against their resistance I think is quite useful.

Thanks,

Jon

Michael Hackett
06-23-2011, 11:51 AM
I've not heard the term "chaining" before, but from your description it sounds like what we call "henka waza" or a change of technique. A series of changes is called "renzoku waza", at least in the AAA, an Aikikai style. In most classes we stick with the demonstrated technique and don't do a henka waza. Instead we try to learn where and why the original technique failed. We sometimes will have classes devoted to henka waza and those are always fun to do. Renzoku waza classes are a lot of fun, but are difficult as the instructor will call out how many changes he wants as you start and you may be asked to do three, four, or even more with the same attack. If those are the same as chains, you'll find them in most dojo.

jester
06-23-2011, 02:15 PM
Once you get to the San Kata, you will see more similarities to Aikikai style Aikido.

The 17 basic techniques, along with the walking and releases, are the building blocks to hundreds of variations.

The 17 I learned are very direct and don't reply on the circular movements you will see in other styles.

Karl Geis or one of his students are the only ones I know of that do chaining.

-

Siteofthor
06-23-2011, 03:00 PM
Thanks for the info everyone.

Tim, wow you seem to be pretty knowledgable there. Yes I am actually training Kihara Aikido or Karl Geis's form of Tomiki Aikido. So is chaining different from what they were saying on the previous posts and how so? Also I have been told we have the 17 techniques as you mentioned and then we have our releases from wrist grabs and we have 10 throws. Is that all that there are typically or you are saying after you learn those you have katas? Any info would be appreciated. Thanks! Jon

dps
06-23-2011, 03:11 PM
I am not sure how closely related what Karl Geis teaches is to what Nick Lowry teaches but here is Nick Lowry's;

webpage:http://www.kazeutabudokai.com/phpBB3/

with online Aikido lessons,

http://www.kazeutabudokai.com/phpBB3/viewforum.php?f=17&sid=ebfa254133662fbc55f696ea10d0ca44

http://www.kazeutabudokai.com/phpBB3/viewforum.php?f=36&sid=ebfa254133662fbc55f696ea10d0ca44

dps

jester
06-23-2011, 06:22 PM
So is chaining different from what they were saying on the previous posts and how so? Also I have been told we have the 17 techniques as you mentioned and then we have our releases from wrist grabs and we have 10 throws. Is that all that there are typically or you are saying after you learn those you have katas? Any info would be appreciated. Thanks! Jon

There are many kata (6 of them plus Goshin-Jitsu (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kodokan_Goshin_Jutsu)) you will learn if you study long enough. San kata is the first one you learn since you have to learn portions of it to get to Shodan. These 6 kata are called the Koryu no Kata. There are also counters to all the 17.

Chaining is unique to Karl's system although Tomiki Aikido, and I'm sure any other style, has techniques that compliment each other. These are usually due to a push and pull relationship.

In the chaining, you weave back and forth by circling, then going down the line etc. No other style I know of does this. This way you are constantly hitting Uke's off balance.

Karl's Judo background gave him a great understanding of Tomiki Aikido. He modified the system in some areas and dropped the tanto randori. He came up with an alternate randori system that, to me, seems more practical.

Basically the Big 10 (Owaza Ju Pon) (http://youtu.be/7faPB-kzTkM) are techniques where Uke and Tori's centers separate from each other. In the 17, their centers come together.

Nick Lowery was a student of Karl's and has a youtube channel (http://www.youtube.com/user/kazeutabudokai#p/u) with a lot of good info.

There's also a book by Dr. Lee Ah Loi called "Tomiki Aikido: Randori 7 Koryu no Kata" which has all the kata listed and is a handy reference.

Hope this helps.

Phil Van Treese
06-24-2011, 01:26 PM
Chaining is a nice term. However Tomiki Shihan and Hideo Ohba Shihan referred to Chaining as "transitioning" from 1 technique to another without hesitation applying what technique(s) presented themselves. We do a lot of "backhand" randori which requires a person to be able to transition from 1 technique to another without hesitation. Kihon No Kata (17 basic moves) and the 10 counters are a classic to transitioning. The Koryu dai san kata and Koryu dai ni katas are great also for transitioning.

Chuck Clark
06-24-2011, 05:38 PM
I think the term is renraku 連絡 waza meaning connected, linked or chain techniques. This term is used in Kodokan Judo practice and many of Tomiki Sensei's students were also judoka so the term was used for linked or "a chain" of techniques. This sort of understanding of connected techniques is used by well-trained judoka everywhere I've trained in the world. The term henka 変化 waza, meaning modified, or a variation is not the same.

The place where renraku waza is really developed is in randori geiko. The practice in most aikido systems that is called randori is not the same as judo randori geiko or the randori of those who have trained in Tomiki Sensei's aiki method.

Best regards,

Philip Hornback
06-26-2011, 09:43 PM
So renraku waza would be a set of prearranged techniques or counters? For instance, you do #1 and I do #10 and you do #4(of the junana kihon no kata). Almost like a kata within a kata?

Chuck Clark
06-27-2011, 12:48 AM
The best answer is renraku waza is a string of waza that fit possible reactions, counters, etc. to a technique. For instance, If shomen ate is countered by an attempted wakigatame, gedan ate is an answer that will counter the wakigatame. How deep you go depends on your skill level. Good kuzushi must be working, of course. If your balance is taken, the recovery should not be back where you were, but recovery of a viable posture and taking the sente back from the other person at the same time. Renraku waza is the ongoing connected changing into whatever waza fits the situation as it evolves. This involves dynamic, intuitive, creative decision making on the go.

There are basic "chains" of waza that can be practiced slowly while staying connected and flowing until one person can't make an answer to a problem. As skill improves, this sort of drill can become very fast and "juicy"... If the chains are preset, then it's a drill. If it's not preset, then it's randori geiko. Of course, the ultimate goal is to slick the aite with the first waza whenever possible... at first touch.

This is one of the main ways that I train and teach along with tandoku undo and sotai kata geiko. Difficult to talk about and more difficult to do without proper training.

Best regards,

Chuck Clark
06-27-2011, 04:09 PM
I just noticed in my post above that I meant to write "the best answer that I can give..." and I didn't get all of it entered... :-)

Josh Reyer
06-28-2011, 12:42 AM
Sorry to be pedant:

連続 - renzoku - "continuation, continuous"

連絡 - renraku - "make contact, get in touch with"

Peter Goldsbury
06-28-2011, 05:07 AM
Sorry to be pedant:

連続 - renzoku - "continuation, continuous"

連絡 - renraku - "make contact, get in touch with"

Hello Josh,

I thought the same, until I checked 柔道連絡技 on Google co.jp.

http://www.judo-ch.jp/dictionary/terms/renraku/

Best wishes,

PAG

niall
06-28-2011, 05:37 AM
In judo they are both specialist terms for combinations. Renzoku waza are continuous attacks and usually in the same direction, breaking through the defences by hitting them again and again. For example forward techniques - so uke is thrown backwards - starting with o uchi gari and switching to ko uchi gari.

Renraku waza are combinations using the reaction of the uke so usually there is a change in direction. So for example if uke defends against being thrown backwards by o uchi gari if you switch to uchimata uke can be thrown forwards easily using the uke's own reaction.

This question was asked on judoforum.com (http://judoforum.com/index.php?/topic/51102-renraku-and-renzoku-waza/)

Kodokan New Japanese-English Dictionary of Judo's definitions.

renraku waza [combination technique] The application of several techniques in rapid succession, moving from one to the next in a smooth, unbroken sequence.

renzoku waza [continuous combination of techniques] The continuous application of combinations of techniques, one leading into the next.

連絡技 技から技へ連絡する技。

連続技 次から次と続けて掛けていく技のこと。

Chuck Clark
06-28-2011, 05:24 PM
Thanks for the interest guys... I'm just going on what I learned from my teachers and seniors. I wish I had become fluent in the language as you have so I wouldn't have to depend on others.

Your input has given me more understanding of what they were trying to teach me. Good lessons. :)

Best regards,

Chuck

Josh Reyer
06-28-2011, 10:41 PM
I stand corrected! Should have known better than to think Chuck Clark wouldn't know his stuff. :)

JP3
04-07-2013, 10:18 PM
I am currently studying Tomiki Aikido. We have 17 basic moves and then 10 big throws and then I'm not sure from there. We also do a little bit of hand randori and we do alot of chaining. Chaining, as I'm sure most of you know, is when you combine various aikido movements and use different techniques depending on how the opponent is resisting and how the moves are working at the time. I'm wondering if I move a a dojo that is more Hombu or Aikikai style if they do any of this chaining? I find it incredibly useful. Expecting for things not to work and to have the practice or ability to use different techniques to move with and use the other persons energy and to not go against their resistance I think is quite useful.

Thanks,

Jon

Great discussion of the language behind the answer you guys. I've always just described the difference between renzoku-waza & renraku-waza as the difference between attempting ko-uchi gari and failing that throwing uke with o-uchi gari in basically the same direction as originally intended (Renzoku); and trying ippon seoinage and when uke blocks/moves throwing him with osoto gari in the basic opposite direction as originally intended (renraku).

In the "typical" Tomiki pedagogy, we have the walking kata (muscle-memory drills of proper posture and movement), the 8 releases (2 to the third ways to grab the other humahn = 8), and the very distilled 17 basic techniques of the initial kata we teach and learn. The 17 (originally 15 and now up to 23 under Sensei Geis, who isn't my teacher but he's way good mojo) are what are usually called the Randori-no-kata or Junana-Han (if 17).

Then, Riki Kogure (and others) came up with the Owaza Jupon (Big 10) in order to teach lumbering westerners how to move (that's the story I was told, and it makes sense when you hear Yoji Kondo tell it).

After you get the above, which takes you past shodan, then you go backwards in time to the Koryu katas 1-6, and can do the aikido version of Goshin Jitsu, etc. There's PLENTY to learn, trust me.